The cost of health represents a significant part in the economic assessment of the Western countries, and the trend studies are not optimistic for an improvement of this situation: the ageing of the population tends to strongly increase the number of people requiring a medical follow-up; therefore, the total cost of the medical care. Scientists are also suspecting the incidence of climatic factors on the health budget: the temperature-rising may be indirectly responsible for 13000 deaths in France, during the canicular summer in 2003; in Switzerland, about thousand of people were victim of this exceptional summer. Moreover, the increased -but not proven- probability of major climatic incidents could also have an important incidence on a possible explosion of the health care budgets.
Using medical-social establishments to place people who need a follow-up is clearly impracticable because of expensive cost and quality of life reduction; numbers of these people are still perfectly independent, even if they are weak. Their internment would constitute a serious attack to their freedom right, and to the tranquillity of their old days. Thus, we have to set up a follow-up by communication and data-processing tools (sensors, networks, monitoring software, etc…). However, these tools are expensive, and difficult to link together in a particular development framework. The idea leading the Iminet definition is to set up a "standard" development environment, usable by the developer teams of the HES-SO, and which would make possible quick integration of new solutions (new types of sensors, specialized analysis programs, data mining, etc…) within a biomedical framework.
The project purpose is essentially to set up an intelligent virtual environment, called "intelligent virtual medical cabinet", which solves various cases (or scenario). It is important to underline the fact that these divers scenarios do not constitute different problems, which could be the subject of separate projects. They are different use cases of only one framework; furthermore, a deep examination of those use cases shows the similarities between the interventions mechanisms used to solve different issues.
Project site : iminet.iict.ch
Final report (in french) :
Several sites of the HES-SO are involved in this project.
Haute Ecole de l'Arc Jurassien (HE-ARC)
Ecole d'Ingénieurs et d'architectes de Fribourg (EIA-FR)
Haute Ecole d'Ingéniérie et de Gestion du canton de Vaud, HEIG-VD